But pizza as we know and love can trace its roots back to one specific city. Pizza was invented in Naples, Italy in the 18th century, by bakers who started adding tomatoes, cheese and other toppings to flatbread. Since then, pizza has evolved into the delicious meal we know today.
Historians note, however, that street vendors in Naples sold flatbreads with toppings for many years before then. Legend has it that Italian King Umberto I and Queen Margherita visited Naples in 1889. There, Esposito was asked to make them a pizza. He topped the pizza with fresh tomatoes, mozzarella cheese, and basil.
Where did pizza originate?
The word pizza was first documented in 997 CE in Gaeta and successively in different parts of Central and Southern Italy. Pizza was mainly eaten in the country of Italy and by emigrants from there.
Who invented pizza bread?
In Sardinia, French and Italian archaeologists have found bread baked over 7,000 years ago. According to Philippe Marinval, the local islanders leavened this bread. Foods similar to pizza have been made since antiquity. Records of people adding other ingredients to bread to make it more flavorful can be found throughout ancient history.
Why is pizza so popular in Italy?
As if to solidify a blended culture, pizza’s leap into fame came in just when Italy became unified. On their visit to Naples, King Umberto I and Queen Margherita were intent on trying out an Italian dish. They needed to break away from their usual French meals.
Who is the father of pizza?
Although precursors of what we understand today to be pizza have existed for hundreds of years, an Italian man from Naples named Raffaelle Esposito is said to be the ‘father of modern pizza’. He began selling pizza in as early as 1889.
How was pizza originated?
Pizza was first invented in Naples, Italy as a fast, affordable, tasty meal for working-class Neapolitans on the go. While we all know and love these slices of today, pizza actually didn’t gain mass appeal until the 1940s, when immigrating Italians brought their classic slices to the United States.
Was pizza invented for the poor?
Pizza has been and still is one of the most popular recipes and dishes of Italian cuisine in the world. Famous among all cultures and almost impossible for anyone to dislike, pizza was originally considered the food of the poor people. It could be said that its preparation is as old as the use of bread.
Who invented pepperoni pizza?
Contrary to popular belief, pepperoni was not invented in Italy. It was actually created by Italian immigrants in New York City in the early 1900s. No wonder it’s America’s most popular pizza topping!
Why is pizza called pizza?
Pizza could come from the Greek word “pitta” meaning “pie”, or the Langobardic word “bizzo” meaning “bite”. It was first recorded in a Latin text dated 997 in Italy and entered into an Italian-English dictionary in 1598 as “a small cake or wafer.”
Who invented Pizza Hut?
How did pizza evolve?
Modern pizza evolved from similar flatbread dishes in Naples, Italy, in the 18th or early 19th century. Pizza was mainly eaten in Italy and by emigrants from there. This changed after World War II when Allied troops stationed in Italy came to enjoy pizza along with other Italian foods.
Who invented pasta?
While some historians believe pasta originated in Italy, most are convinced Marco Polo actually brought it back from his epic voyage to China. The earliest known pasta was made from rice flour and was common in the east. In Italy, pasta was made from hard wheat and shaped into long strands.
Did the Greeks invent pizza?
Although Italy has the fame for creating pizza the history of pizza dates back many hundred years to the ancient Greeks. The Greeks were known to baked large flat unleavened bread topped with oils, herbs, spices and dates. Their creation loosely resembled what is known today as pizza.
Who invented the first food?
Cheese seems to be the oldest man made food, showing up in early Mesopotamia and Egypt. Ancient cheese strainers were recently excavated in Poland, dating back 7,500 years.
Who invented salami?
It’s thought to originate in Italy from as far back as Roman times. The word salami comes from the Latin for salt – sale or to salt – salare. Most Southern, Eastern, and Central European countries boast of salami-making traditions that date back several centuries. They, no doubt, dispute the Italians’ claim.
Who invented pineapple pizza?
And despite the name, it did not come from the US island state of Hawaii either. The pizza was actually created in Canada in 1962 by a Greek immigrant called Sam Panopoulos. Panopoulos, along with his brothers, owned a restaurant in the province of Ontario.
What part of pig is pepperoni?
Pepperoni is a type of Italian sausage that is made from pork. It is most commonly made from the flesh of the pork shoulder, but can also be made from other parts of the pig such as the belly or loin.
How Was Pizza Invented?
Pizza has a long and illustrious history.Throughout history, many different civilizations have created cuisines that are similar to pizza.However, the pizza that we know and love today can be traced back to a certain place in Italy.Pizza was first made in Naples, Italy, in the 18th century by bakers who began slapping tomatoes, mozzarella, and other toppings on flatbread to create what is now known as pizza.
- Since then, pizza has grown into the delectable dish that we know and love nowadays.
- Since humans first began baking bread some 7,000 years ago, people have been intrigued by the prospect of improving the flavor of bread.
- In addition, the history of pizza as we know it is equally intriguing, since what was originally a simple dish produced for impoverished workers has evolved into one of the most popular dinners on the planet.
Pizza Was Invented in Naples By Street Vendors
Italians and the introduction of the tomato into Europe are to be congratulated on the development of the pizza pie.For thousands of years, people throughout the Middle East and the Mediterranean region have consumed many types of flatbreads in varied ways.However, it wasn’t until the 16th century that the tomato was introduced to Europe by the Americans, where it finally found its way to Naples and the top of the pizza.A type of flatbread similar to pizza had previously been a favorite of Naples’ street sellers, who sold it by the slice.
- Naples was a bustling city in the 1700s and early 1800s, with a big population of working poor, known as lazzaroni, who were a significant part of the population.
- These low-income individuals frequently lacked adequate kitchen space, and they required nutritious, low-cost meals.
- This is where the predecessor of pizza comes in.
As early as the 1500s, street merchants were referring to flatbreads known as ‘galettes’ as ‘pizza.’ Early versions of this sort of pizza were sweet, or they were covered with basic ingredients like as garlic, salt, lard, cheese, anchovies, and/or onions, which were then baked till golden brown.Funny enough, because they were mostly consumed by the lower classes, these early pizzas were seen as unpleasant by the higher classes’ snobbishness.Nobody knows who was the first to put tomatoes on these flatbreads, or when they did it.
The tomato was initially introduced to Europe in the 16th century, but it took a long time for people to realize how delicious it was (people thought they were poisonous at first).However, by the 1700s, they had become readily available in Italy, and they had found their way into flatbreads.The pizza was created in this manner.This novel tomato-based flatbread gained widespread acceptance very fast.Unlike the original flatbreads, which were primarily consumed by the lazzaroni, the new pizzas helped to establish Naples as a tourist attraction.Naples had 54 pizzerias by 1807, which was a record number at the time.
That number had climbed to 120 in only 50 years, indicating that the Napolitanos (people from Naples) were on to something worthwhile.In truth, pizza continues to be a fundamental part of the culture of Naples and Italy.As a matter of fact, the Associazione Verace Pizza Napoletana (″True Neapolitan Pizza Association″) was established in 1984 with the goal of establishing defined guidelines for ‘genuine’ Neapolitan pizza.
They are quite serious about their pizza!
The World Famous Margherita Pizza Was Invented By Raffaele Esposito In 1889
We don’t know who the brilliant bakers were who came up with the idea of creating the first pizza-like foods.However, we do know that Raffaele Esposito, who created the world’s first Margherita pizza in 1889, is credited with the invention of the modern pizza.Pizza Margherita is the archetypal Italian pizza – a thin crust covered with tomato sauce, fresh mozzarella, and fresh basil – and is one of the most popular types of pizza in Italy.You can get the recipe for this dish here.
- It’s easy, healthful, and tasty.
- Esposito is credited with creating the first margherita pizza in 1889, according to legend.
- When King Umberto I of Savoy and Queen Margherita of Savoy paid a visit to Naples, they wanted to experience something unique.
Esposito prepared three various sorts of pizza for them to sample, and the queen was particularly pleased with the one that was decorated with the three colors of the Italian national flag (the sauce was red, the basil was green, and the cheese was white).Because the queen enjoyed the pizza so much, it was given her name as a tribute.The rest, as they say, is history in the making of pizza.
Other Cultures Claim To Have Invented The Pizza, Too
- Our knowledge of the brilliant bakers who invented the first pizza-like meals is limited. The fact remains that Raffaele Esposito, who created the world’s first Margherita pizza in 1889, is credited with the invention of pizza in its current form and format. The traditional Pizza Margherita is a thin-crust pizza made with tomato sauce, fresh mozzarella, and fresh basil. It is considered the ideal Italian pizza since it is so simple to make. Find out how to prepare it here. It’s easy, healthful, and delectable. The first margherita pizza is said to have been created by Esposito in 1889, according to tradition. During their journey to Naples, King Umberto I of Savoy and Queen Margherita of Savoy wished to indulge in an unique treat. It was Esposito who prepared three various sorts of pizza for them to sample, and the queen was particularly enamored with the one that was decorated with the three colors of the Italian flag on top (the sauce was red, the basil was green, and the cheese was white). Their decision to name it after her was prompted by her fondness for the pizza. And, as they say, the rest is pizza legend.
Flatbread is also found in other civilizations, albeit they may be slightly different.Bing (wheat flour flatbread) is a popular Chinese flatbread that is made from wheat flour.Naan bread may be found in Central and Southern Asia (I really enjoy cooking naan pizza!).The okonomiyaki, on the other hand, is a savory pancake that is frequently referred to as ″Japanese pizza.″ How did flatbread come to be developed, and what is the history of its creation?
- A thin bread, as the name implies, can be any type of thin bread baked using wheat, salt, and water.
- Typically, they are created without the use of yeast or leavening (but pizza dough is made with yeast – check my recipe for no-knead dough here for more information on that).
- As the name implies, this bread is fairly flat, with a thickness ranging from one millimeter to a few centimeters in thickness.
This makes them simple to eat – and simple to dress up with other ingredients to make a more substantial dinner.Flatbreads have been around for so long that we don’t know who or how they were created.We know that in Jordan, around 12,400 BC, humans were baking a type of flatbread made from barley, einkorn wheat, oats, and tubers, according to archaeological evidence.
We know this because archaeologists discovered and studied bread crumbs in 2018 and published their findings.Over millennia, flatbreads have arisen in civilizations all over the world, where they have been dressed up with a variety of toppings, ultimately culminating to the birth of pizza in the country of Italy.Of course, pizza is today eaten by people all around the world.Lots of other countries have now developed their own variations on the pizza (such as the Canadians who enjoy topping their pizza with ham and pineapple!).An important factor here is what occurred to traditional Neapolitan pizza once it was initially introduced to the world, as explained below.
Modern American Pizza Was Invented By Immigrants
Flatbread is also seen in other civilizations, albeit they may be different.Bing is a flatbread made from wheat flour that is popular among the Chinese.Naan bread may be found throughout Central and Southern Asia (and I really enjoy cooking naan pizza).Additionally, the okonomiyaki, often known as the Japanese pizza, is a savory pancake with a variety of fillings.
- How did flatbread come to be developed, and what is the history of its development?
- Any type of thin bread produced with flour, salt, and water falls under this category, as the name says.
- Typically, they are created without the use of yeast or leavening (but pizza dough is made with yeast – check my recipe for no-knead dough here for more information on this).
Because of its flatness (as implied by the name), this bread is just a few millimeters to a few centimeters thick, at most.These characteristics make them more convenient to consume while also making them more versatile in terms of toppings, which results in a more complete meal.It is difficult to pinpoint who or when flatbreads were first created, as their history is so long-forgotten.
Our research has revealed that humans in Jordan were baking flatbread made from barley, einkorn wheat, oats, and tubers about the year 12,400 BC.Bread crumbs were discovered and studied by archaeologists in 2018, and we now know why.Since ancient times, flatbreads have arisen in civilizations all over the world, where they have been embellished with a variety of toppings, ultimately culminating to the birth of pizza in Italy.Unquestionably today, pizza is adored by people all around the world!In recent years, many other cultures have developed their own variations on the pizza (such as the Canadians, who enjoy topping their pizza with ham and pineapple!) Quite a bit of this can be traced back to what occurred to traditional Neapolitan pizza once it was originally introduced.
History of Pizza: Where, When & Who Invented Pizza
Whether you’re cooking it for yourself or for a loved one after a night on the town with pals, it’s the perfect Sunday dinner for any family that wants to spend the weekend at home together. Historians believe that Hawaiian, Margherita, Pepperoni, and Veggie pizzas were first served hundreds of years ago. They are among the world’s most popular fast foods.
Where and When Was Pizza Invented?
Historically, historians think that the term ″pizza″ comes from Italian and Greek literature.Pizza may have been first mentioned in a Latin text written in a tiny Italian village, according to some historians.The concept of flatbreads with a variety of toppings is not a completely novel one.It dates back hundreds of years to the time when the Romans, Greeks, and Egyptians consumed their bread in this manner.
- It was baked on hot stones or in mud ovens, and then the flatbread was topped with various ingredients like as herbs and mushrooms, which were then baked on the flatbread.
- An amazing discovery was a record of how troops prepared flatbreads in ancient Persia, which was rather interesting.
- Their shields served as ovens for them.
In fact, a Roman poet who lived in the first century B.C.was discovered to have spoken about circles of bread that were considered to resemble pizza.Pinsa was cooked over hot ashes in ancient Rome, and it is the dish that is most similar to modern-day pizza.
Years later, in the 18th century, the town of Naples, Italy, would become the birthplace of pizza.Pizza was not always considered to be the delicacy that it is today.Because it was inexpensive, the people of Naples ate pizza, which was simply a flatbread with toppings, back in those days.Why?They were impoverished, and this was the best they could do.They couldn’t go to work on an empty stomach, and it was common to see them chewing on these slices as they made their way to work.
At the time, this poor man’s dish was not available for purchase in any stores.No.Only street vendors would transport them around, chopping them into pieces as little as a buyer’s budget would allow.
According to their budget, the producers would use only the bare minimum of toppings, sometimes simply garlic and two other ingredients to fulfill the needs of their customers.This meal was so despised that hardly one wanted to write about it in the first place.Those that were interested in writing about it had nothing positive to say.Several others used derogatory terms to describe it, such as ″disgusting.″ Italy gave tomatoes to the world with this ″modern″ pizza of the 18th century, giving it its distinctive flavor that has become a favorite.The intriguing part about this is that people used to believe tomatoes were harmful back then.However, after demonstrating that tomatoes were safe to consume, the United States began exporting large quantities of tomatoes to Europe, encouraging people to use them as toppings.
Furthermore, the tomatoes came in useful because of their low cost and the fact that they did not take much culinary expertise to prepare.
Who Invented Pizza?
Pizza’s meteoric rise to renown coincided with the unification of Italy, as if to further cement a fusion of cultures.During their visit to Naples, King Umberto I and Queen Margherita were determined to have an authentic Italian cuisine while there.They needed to take a vacation from their typical French fare to recharge their batteries.According to legend, Italian Raffaele Esposito was the first person to create the world’s most exquisite pizza.
- He worked his magic at the Pizzeria di Pietro, where he was employed.
- It is fair to assume that it was commissioned by the royal family.
- In 1889, the queen paid a visit to the city of Naples.
Raffaele was told to prepare the signature dish in her honor by the group’s leaders.Queen Margherita would get her dish, which would be presented in the form of several sorts of pizza.She is said to have given each slice of the finger-licking bliss a thumbs-up after trying each one individually.
Her favorite pizza was one with components that were colored in the colors of the Italian flag.The pizza was named after her in Italy.If this certification is granted, it will be the beginning of an improved reputation for pizza.That a queen could eat cuisine yet was believed to be for the poor, and that it tasted authentically Italian, spoke a lot about this dish.Pizza became popular, and Italians adopted it as their own, placing it on par with their beloved pasta in terms of popularity.Naples, on the other hand, did not have its first pizzeria until 1830, when the Antica Pizzeria Port’Alba opened its doors.
Pizza’s renown had not yet extended beyond of Italy’s boundaries, since the dish had remained within the country’s borders.The lack of recognition existed until tourists visiting Italy inquired about the food of the region.They were offered pizza by the bakers.
As a result, this fast-food restaurant has taken even another step forward.Pizza marinara is a particularly noteworthy dish since it was among the dishes sought after by travelers who had heard about its deliciousness.It was frequently prepared by seamen’s wives and topped with oregano, garlic, and tomatoes.Because chefs began experimenting with a larger range of toppings, the delicacy’s appeal increased at the expense of the consumer, who was forced to pay more for the delicacy.The popularity of pizza increased to such an extent that Italians began to eat it at every meal.By the end of the nineteenth century, the couple had discovered their newfound love.
Who were some of the individuals who savored this mouthwatering taste of divine goodness?Veterans from World War II.When it comes to spreading the word about the importance of Italian pizza, the Italians might as well use troops to do the advertising for them.Immigrants who brought the narrative of pizza to the United States were among the other spreaders of the gospel.Soon, the cuisine was no longer seen as a poor man’s delicacy or an Italian-only treat, and the rest of America began to accept it on a more widespread basis.Pizza was sold on the streets by Italian immigrants who were proud of their heritage.
As pizza got increasingly popular, people began to congregate at pizzerias to converse and eat.When Gennaro Lombardi decided to create the first restaurant dedicated to this delicacy in North America in 1905, the world got a taste of what it was like to be an American.Lombardi was the first person in the United States to be granted permission to bake the dish.The popularity of the dish was attributed to street sellers who would sell chunks that were kept hot in charcoal-filled drums while they were being sold.
After Lombardi’s death, these eateries would spread throughout the United States, with Ric Riccardo Sr.continuing in his footsteps.He, on the other hand, began with a deep-dish pizza.In 1945, it was Ira Nevin who made life a little simpler for pizza makers.It was because to his innovation of a gas-fired pizza oven that the exorbitant expense and hassle of utilizing wood or charcoal were eliminated.
The 1950s were a prosperous period for this pie, since the first branch of the world’s largest chain of pizza restaurants was established.The 1950s also saw the introduction of pizza franchises, the first of which was Pizza Hut in 1958.Little Caesar’s followed in 1959, and Domino’s joined the battle a year later in 1960.At some point in the 1950s, someone realized that it was necessary to extend the shelf life of pizza and began freezing it in order to do this.In response, supermarkets began offering frozen pizza in their shelves.Of course, at this time, people were making more money and could purchase refrigerators and freezers, which meant they could also keep some pizza for later use in the house.
Americans also became a busy populace as the economy changed and fast food became the craze of the day.People were increasingly looking for convenience meals, and in order to accommodate this new demand for pizza that could be kept for extended periods of time, bakers began substituting tomato paste for fresh tomatoes.Men from World War II who wanted to recreate their days of eating pizza in Europe were not the only ones to credit for the widespread availability of the delectable dish.Celebrities with Italian ancestry, such as Jimmy Durante, had a role in the campaign as well.Additionally, the availability of automobiles expanded, and restaurants were able to transport pizza to customers’ houses.Because of their quick delivery times, Domino’s, previously known as Dominik’s, quickly became a favorite among customers.
Pizza delivery has become such a routine occurrence that even the United States Army has taken use of it, but not for food delivery.According to records, America dispatched men disguised as fictitious delivery men.Americans made pizza their second home, and when new cities sprang up, the need for fast food increased as well.The bakers made a few minor adjustments to make it more appealing to the tastes of the new American market.Chicago style pizza was created around this period, and it is distinguished by its deeper, more chunky crust.After then, Colorado received the Rocky Mountain Pie.
Its devotees would relish it when served with honey.During the 1990s, Kraft made a significant discovery.In his research, he discovered the first self-rising crust.Neapolitans did receive distinction for being the contemporary origin of pizza when the European Union determined in 2009 that their cuisine was a part of the European Cultural Heritage.According to the verdict, anybody wishing to manufacture a genuine Neopolitan pizza must adhere to certain guidelines in order to prevent distorting the original art of pizza-making.
- To top it all off, the globe was treated to a sighting of the world’s largest pizza in 2012, which was more than 1,260 square meters in size.
- Today, more than 70,000 pizzerias in the United States serve the delicacy, which is also popular across the world.
Despite the fact that pizza has a lengthy and convoluted history that dates back to ancient Greece and has spread over the world, it is really a favorite of the majority of people.Every slice contains a wealth of information about different sections of the world’s history.The social, economic, and cultural contexts of pizza are baked into its deliciousness.Over time, the toppings have evolved to reflect the diverse cultures of the world that have influenced them.
- In spite of the fact that bakers from all over the world are now creating custom-made pizzas, the bottom line has remained same.
- Every good pizza has a crust that binds it all together and keeps it from falling apart.
In the United States, pizza is a sort of fast food prepared from yeasted flat bread.However, despite the fact that predecessors to what we now know as pizza have existed for hundreds of years, an Italian man from Naples called Raffaelle Esposito is often regarded as the ″father of contemporary pizza.″ He started selling pizza as early as 1889, according to historical records.Pizza is often topped with cheese, tomato sauce, a variety of meats, veggies, and other condiments – whatever the cook feels like putting on it at the time.The preparation of pizza in the oven can be either baked or grilled, and cheese is an important component in the preparation of pizza.
- Pizza comes in a variety of shapes, sizes, and flavors that vary from region to country.
- Tandoori Paneer pizza (India), Spicy Pizza Balado (Indonesia), Pizza Margherita (Italy), Pizza al taglio (Rome), Sicilian pizza (Sicily), Mexican pizza (Mexico), New-York style pizza (New York), and Chocolate Pizza (Brazil) are some of the most popular pizzas in the world.
- Pizza Hut, Domino’s, Little Caesars, and Sbarro are just a few of the well-known pizza shops across the world today.
Brief History of Pizza
Greeks who had arrived in Italy around 600 BC are supposed to have eaten the first pizza, which is said to have been made about 600 BC.However, it wasn’t until the year 1889 that pizza began to achieve widespread acceptance, when the cook Esposito was requested to prepare pizza in honor of a visiting queen named Margherita.This particular pizza was cooked with tomatoes, basil, and mozzarella, which Queen Margherita deemed to be very appetizing.Later, Esposito decided to name this pizza type after the Queen of England.
- Pizza was brought to the United States by Italian immigrants in the nineteenth century, and the rest is history.
- New York, Philadelphia, and Chicago were among the cities where it gained widespread popularity very rapidly.
- In reality, Gennuardo Lombardi built the first American pizza business in New York City in the early 1900s, and the rest is history.
During the following years, the popularity of pizza expanded to other cities in the United States, and eventually to the entire world.The relationship between pizza and the United States has always been significant in the history of the dish.In instance, did you know that the United States has a National Pizza Month every September?
By the year 1984, Gerry Durnell had declared the month of October to be ″Pizza Month.″ Several pizzerias are open and consumers devour a variety of pizzas on this particular day.
Pizza World Records
In 2012, the city of Rome made the world’s biggest pizza.It was given the name ″Ottavia″ and measured 13,570 square feet (1,261 m2).Then, in 2016, the city of Naples produced the world’s longest pizza.The pizza measured 1.85m in length and was produced using a number of ovens that were moved down the length of it.
- There is also a record for the most costly pizza ever made, which is in addition to these two pizza awards.
- According to the Guiness World Records, this extremely costly pizza may be found at Maze Restaurant in London, where it costs 100 Sterling pounds each slice.
- The price of a pizza has risen even higher in recent years, reaching £4,200 (Haggis Restaurant in Glasgow, Scotland) and US$1,000 (Nino’s Bellissima pizzeria in New York City, United States).
These, on the other hand, have not yet been entered into the Guiness World Records.
One Great Invention!
It was in Rome in 2012 when the world’s largest pizza was created.Ottavia was the name given to the structure, which was 13,570 ft2 in area (1,261 m2).Afterwards, in 2016, the city of Naples celebrated the creation of the world’s longest pizza.There were many ovens rolled along the length of the pizza, which was 1.85 meters in length.
- There is also a record for the most costly pizza ever made, which is in addition to these two laurels.
- Guiness World Records states that this pricey pizza may be found at Maze Restaurant in London, where it costs 100 Sterling pounds.
- Today, pizza may cost as much as £4,200 (at the Haggis Restaurant in Glasgow, Scotland) or as much as US$1,000 (at Nino’s Bellissima pizzeria in New York City, United States) per slice.
Guiness World Records, on the other hand, has not yet documented any of these.
The national dish of Italy and the world
The answer to this issue is not straightforward, as our definitions of what constitutes pizza may differ from one another.Pizza may be found in a variety of shapes all over the world; even in the United States, several varieties of pizza, such as New York and Chicago, can be found.There is no one source that can be traced back to the development of pizza.Many historians, however, believe that the invention of pizza dates back to the 7th century, when the Byzantine Empire established a colony in what is now the city of Naples.When the Byzantine Empire acquired the southern portion of the Italian Peninsula, a large number of Greeks emigrated and established a city known as Neapolis, which eventually became known as Napoli or Naples, among other names.The pita was invented by the Greeks in the 7th century.
It is a thin circular bread that is topped with olive oil, feta cheese, and herbs, and it is eaten with a spoon.It is possible that the pita, which the Greeks introduced to Naples during this time period, provided the inspiration for the creation of pizza.Interestingly, some believe that the term pizza is originated from the pita, which means ″pita bread.″ Although this dish resembled pizza in some ways, it was a long cry from our expectations.It took the introduction of a new ingredient for pizza to evolve into what it is today.Spain’s Empire traveled to the Americas throughout the 15th and 16th centuries, settling in South and Central America, and eventually conquering the continent.In the course of exploring these new and exotic regions, they discovered a new fruit, the tomato, which they brought back to Europe.
The tomato was formerly unknown outside of its original countries of Peru, Chile, Bolivia, and Ecuador, owing to the fact that it was only grown in those countries.The earliest tomatoes were produced as decorative plants in Spain, where they were introduced into the world.Napoli, which was under Spanish rule through most of the 16th century, was one of the first places in Europe where tomatoes were initially grown and sold.Today, it is a popular tourist destination.Tomatoes were being utilized in cuisine in Spain, France, and portions of Italy by the 17th century, according to historical records.The year 1738 saw the first documented occurrence of tomatoes being used in a pizza.
In the same year, the marinara pizza was created in Naples.Naples, being a port city, was home to a large number of ships and crew members.The marinara pizza was a popular dish among sailors, and it is said to have been devised by a sailor who had taken refuge in Naples.Marinara is an Italian word that means ″sailor.″ Pizzerias began to spring up all around Naples by the 18th century, providing freshly baked pizzas to the locals and tourists alike.Da Pietro was one of them, and they eventually changed their name to Brandi as well (Brandi still operates in Naples today).
This restaurant was the first to introduce the world to the famous Margherita Pizza, which is considered to be the first contemporary rendition of a pizza.The Kingdom of Sardinia reunited the long-divided Italian Peninsula in the nineteenth century, and the country was renamed the Kingdom of Italy after the unification.Neapolis became a member of the newly united kingdom during this time period (see below).
During their visit to Naples in 1889, King Umberto I and Queen Margherita dined at Da Pietro’s restaurant.She had a particular preference for a pizza that the chef had created just for her.In addition to tomato sauce, mozzarella cheese curds, and basil as toppings, the new pizza had a mix of three components in which the colors resembled the colors of the Italian flag.
- The chef saw that the Queen like the pizza and decided to name the pizza after her, hence the name Margherita Pizza was born.
- The popularity of Margherita Pizza was rising in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, which coincided with an influx of Italian immigrants to the United States at the time.
- The majority of Italian immigrants came from Naples, which was at the time one of the least prosperous districts in the country.
- Many people relocated to the East Coast of the United States in search of better employment and living circumstances.
- Pizzas grew in popularity as more and more immigrants from Naples arrived in the United States.
- Lombardi’s Pizza, the city’s first pizzeria, opened its doors in 1905 and is still in operation today, thanks to its legendary reputation.
Pizza took on a whole new meaning in New York City, where it was adopted as the staple diet of working-class immigrants.It needed to be straightforward, simple to prepare, and filling.Pizzas grew in size and included new toppings such as pepperoni and anchovies, and they were offered in huge slices for the purpose of convenience.
In the early 1900s, many employees folded their slices in half and ate them like a sandwich, which was the beginning of the New York pizza.Many other types of pizza were created as pizza got more popular in the United States, such as Chicago’s deep-dish pizza and Detroit’s rectangle pizza, among others.Different toppings, such as pepperoni, ham, bacon, and even pineapples, were brought to the market.When pizza franchises first appeared in the mid-20th century, they quickly expanded throughout the United States and the rest of the world.Pizza Hut began operations in Kansas in 1958, and Domino’s Pizza began operations in Michigan in 1960.Many Americans associate pizza with a casual dinner or a game-time snack thanks to the success of these two franchises.
- It was Pizza Hut that was the first to open a chain restaurant for casual dine-in dining, and it was Domino’s that was the first to provide rapid pizza delivery service.
- When pizza chains like Pizza Hut and Domino’s built outlets throughout the world, they popularized the dish, transforming it into the world’s favorite fast meal.
- Pizza originated as a meal in Naples, where it was brought by the Greeks in the 7th century, and took on its current form following the arrival of fresh tomatoes.
- After the unification of Italy in the nineteenth century, it evolved into its present counterpart, which was Americanized and eventually became one of the most popular fast foods in the world.
It is extremely intriguing to see how food changes through time as a result of external influences on its production.Tomatoes, for example, would not have been a part of the diet if South America had not been colonized by Europeans.As pizza continues to change, I am excited to see what the next stage in the evolution of pizza will be.
A History of Pizza
Pizza is the most popular fast food in the world.It’s something we eat everywhere — at home, at restaurants, and on the street.In the United States alone, around three billion pizzas are sold each year, with an average of 46 pieces sold each person.Nevertheless, the narrative of how the modest pizza grew to enjoy such worldwide supremacy provides valuable insights into the history of migration, economics, and technological transformation.People have been eating pizza, in one form or another, for hundreds of years now.Pieces of flatbread, topped with a variety of savory ingredients, have been served as a simple and delicious meal for those who could not buy plates or who were on the road since antiquity.
The Aeneid contains a description of these early pizzas.Just a short time after landing in Latium, Aeneas and his companions took shelter beneath a tree and spread out ‘thin wheaten cakes as plates for their lunch’.They then strewn them with mushrooms and plants they had discovered in the woods and guzzled them down, crust and all, leading Aeneas’ son Ascanius to scream, ″Look!There’s something there!″ ″We’ve even finished our dinner dishes!″ However, it was in Naples in the late 18th century when the pizza as we know it today was first created.Naples had grown to become one of the most populous towns in Europe during the reign of the Bourbon rulers, and it was expanding at a rapid pace.The city’s population increased from 200,000 in 1700 to 399,000 in 1748, thanks to the growth of international trade and a continual influx of peasants from the countryside.
As the urban economy struggled to keep up with the speed of development, an increasing percentage of the city’s residents slipped into poverty.The most destitute of these were known as lazzaroni, so named because their tattered appearance reminded people of the character Lazarus.In their thousands, they struggled to make ends meet on the little wages they received as porters, couriers, and temporary workers.Because they were constantly on the move in search of job, they required food that was both inexpensive and simple to prepare.Pizzas satisfied this requirement.They would be sliced to fit the customer’s budget or hunger because they would not be sold in stores, but rather by street sellers who would carry big boxes under their arms.
According to Alexandre Dumas’s novel Le Corricolo (1843), a two-liard piece of bread would constitute a satisfying breakfast, while two sous would purchase a pizza large enough to feed a family of four.None of them were very difficult to understand.Although they were comparable to Virgil’s flatbreads in some ways, they were now distinguished by the use of affordable, readily available ingredients that were packed with flavor.They were topped with nothing but garlic, fat, and salt for the most basic of dishes.Some of the other options were caciocavallo (a cheese derived from horse’s milk), cecenielli (whitebait), and basil, among others.
Some even had tomatoes strewn across the top.The fact that they were only recently brought from the Americas meant that they were still considered a novelty and were looked down upon by modern gourmets.However, it was their lack of popularity – and, as a result, their low price – that made them so appealing.
For a long time, pizzas were derided by culinary critics and food writers.As a result of their association with the grinding poverty of the lazzaroni, they were widely derided as ‘disgusting,’ especially by tourists from other countries.Inventor Samuel Morse described pizza as a’species of the most nauseating cake…
- covered over with slices of pomodoro or tomatoes, and sprinkled with little fish and black pepper and I know not what other ingredients, it altogether looks like a piece of bread that has been dragged out of the sewer reeking of fish’ in 1831.
- When the first recipes were published in the late nineteenth century, pizza was conspicuously absent from the pages.
- Many people, including those who were committed to Neapolitan food, were embarrassed to discuss it – despite the fact that steady improvement in the lazzaroni’s social standing had driven the establishment of the first pizza restaurants.
- All of that altered as a result of the unification of Italy.
- King Umberto I and Queen Margherita became bored of the elaborate French cuisine that were given to them for breakfast, lunch, and supper while on a visit to Naples in 1889, and they decided to leave.
- In response to a last-minute request to produce some local delicacies for the queen, the pizzaiolo Raffaele Esposito prepared three different types of pizza: one with lard, caciocavallo, and basil; another with cecenielli; and a third with tomato sauce, mozzarella cheese, and basil (see photo).
The queen expressed her happiness.Her favorite, the last of the three, was given the name ″pizza margherita″ in her honor, as was the other two.This signaled a significant paradigm change.
It was Margherita’s mark of approval that not only lifted pizza from being a cuisine suited just for lazzaroni to being something appropriate for a royal family, but it also converted pizza from a regional dish into something that was really national in scope.It established the concept that pizza was a true Italian meal, on par with spaghetti and polenta, in the minds of the public.Despite this, pizza took a long time to spread outside of Naples.Migration supplied the first impetus for the project.Beginning in the 1930s, an increasing number of Neapolitans went northward in search of work, bringing their cuisine with them to the new horizons.This trend was increased as a result of the conflict.
- When the Allies invaded Italy in 1943-4, they were so captivated with the pizza they discovered in Campania that they insisted on having it served to them everywhere they went.
- Although pizza’s place as an authentically Italian meal was cemented by tourism during the postwar period, which was made possible by the lower cost of travel during that period.
- Pizza grew increasingly popular as tourists got more interested in Italian cuisine, and restaurants all across the peninsula began to offer more regional specialties, including pizza.
- At initially, the quality was inconsistent since not every restaurant was equipped with a pizza oven.
Despite this, pizza rapidly became popular throughout Italy.The company expanded its product line as a result, introducing additional ingredients in response to local preferences and the higher costs that customers were now ready to pay.However, it was in the United States that pizza gained a second home.By the end of the nineteenth century, Italian immigration had already reached the East Coast, and the first pizzeria – Lombardi’s – opened its doors in New York City in 1905, marking the beginning of the American pizza industry.Pizza quickly established itself as a national institution in the United States.When it began to spread across the country in tandem with the rapid speed of urbanization, it was swiftly adopted by ambitious restaurateurs (many of whom were not of Italian descent) and changed to suit local preferences, identities, and requirements.
Ike Sewell, a Texan who moved to Chicago shortly after the United States entered World War II, attempted to attract new customers to his newly opened pizzeria by offering a much ‘heartier’ version of the dish, complete with a deeper, thicker crust and richer, more abundant toppings – usually with cheese at the bottom and a mountain of chunky tomato sauce heaped on top of it.The Rocky Mountain Pie, which originated in Colorado at the same period, was also produced.Even while it did not have a crust as thick as its Chicago counterpart, it did have a significantly broader one, which was intended to be served as a dessert with honey.
Of time, they were even joined by a Hawaiian variant, which was topped with ham and pineapple, much to the consternation of the locals in Neapolis.From the 1950s onward, the tremendous rate of economic and technical progress in the United States resulted in an even more fundamental transformation of the pizza.There have been two significant modifications.
One of the first was the ‘domestication’ of the pizza pie.The invention of the frozen pizza was spurred on by the rise in disposable incomes, which resulted in the proliferation of refrigerators and freezers, as well as an increase in the desire for ‘convenience’ meals.Because it was intended to be brought home and prepared at the customer’s leisure, modifications to the recipe were necessary.A smooth tomato paste was used to cover the foundation rather than the traditional big chunks of tomato, which helped to keep the dough from drying out during the baking process.New cheeses were also created to survive freezing, which were then used to cover the top of the pizza.It was the ‘commercialization’ of pizza that brought about the second alteration.
- The increasing availability of automobiles and motorbikes made it feasible to transport freshly prepared meals to clients’ doorsteps – and pizza was among the first foods to be offered.
- In 1960, Tom and James Monaghan established ‘Dominik’s’ in Michigan and, after establishing a reputation for prompt delivery, expanded their firm – which they renamed ‘Domino’s’ – throughout the United States and into Canada.
- They and their rivals have developed internationally to the point that there is now hardly a city on the planet where they are not to be found.
- Contrary to expectations, the result of these modifications was that pizza became both more standardized and more sensitive to variance.
- Even as the basic structure of the pizza remained the same (a dough base topped with thin layers of tomato and cheese), the need to satisfy customers’ desire for novelty led to the development of ever more elaborate varieties, such that Pizza Hut in Poland now sells a spicy ‘Indian’ version and Domino’s in Japan has developed a ‘Elvis’ pizza, which has just about everything on it.
- Today’s pizzas are a long cry from the lazzaroni’s creations, and many pizza purists – particularly in Naples – are aghast at some of the more bizarre toppings that are now available.
Even so, pizza is still recognisable as pizza, and it contains the imprint of centuries of social, economic, and technical development baked into every piece.A marinara pizza recipe is provided.Alexander Lee is a fellow at the University of Warwick’s Centre for the Study of the Renaissance.He has a background in history.
- Humanism and Empire: The Imperial Ideal in Fourteenth-Century Italy, his most recent work, is published by Oxford University Press.
Who Invented Pizza?
Pizza has a long and illustrious history.Ancient Egyptians, Romans, and Greeks all ate flatbreads with a variety of fillings and toppings.A variant with herbs and oil was served to the latter, which was comparable to today’s focaccia.) However, the current birthplace of pizza is the Campania area in southwestern Italy, which is home to the city of Naples.Naples, which was founded as a Greek village around 600 B.C., was a prosperous beachfront city in the 1700s and early 1800s, and it is still so today.Although it was technically an autonomous kingdom, it was infamous for the swarms of laboring poor, known as lazzaroni.As Carol Helstosky, co-author of Pizza: A Global History and an associate professor of history at the University of Denver, explains, ″the closer you got to the bay, the more dense their population was.
And much of their living was done outdoors, sometimes in homes that were little more than a room.″ These Neapolitans required food that was economical and could be devoured in a short period of time.Pizza, which are flatbreads with a variety of toppings that can be eaten for any meal and are offered by street vendors or casual restaurants, filled this void perfectly.″Judgmental Italian authors frequently referred to their eating habits as ‘disgusting,’″ according to Helstosky.The delectable toppings that are still popular today, like as tomatoes, cheese, oil, anchovies, and garlic, were originally found on the pizzas devoured by the poor of Naples.WATCH: Full episodes of The Food That Built America are available to stream right now.New episodes of HISTORY air on Sundays at 9 p.m.
and 8 p.m.ET.King Umberto I and Queen Margherita paid a state visit to Naples in 1889, following the unification of Italy in 1861.According to legend, the traveling couple grew dissatisfied with their continuous diet of French gourmet cuisine and requested a selection of pizzas from the city’s Pizzeria Brandi, which was created in 1760 and is the successor of Da Pietro pizzeria.The pizza mozzarella kind was the one that the queen preferred the most; it was a pie covered with soft white cheese, red tomatoes, and green basil.In fact, it’s possible that it wasn’t a coincidence that her favorite pie was decorated in the colors of the Italian national flag.
According to legend, that particular topping combination became known as ″pizza Margherita″ from that point on.The blessing of Queen Margherita might have marked the beginning of an Italian pizza obsession that would spread throughout the country.However, pizza would not become widely popular in Italy until the 1940s, when it spread beyond the confines of Naples.However, thousands of miles away, immigrants to the United States from Naples began reproducing their dependable, crusty pizzas in New York and other American cities, including Trenton, New Haven, Boston, Chicago, and St.Louis, as well as in other parts of the world.
The Neapolitans, like millions of other Europeans in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, were not looking to make a gastronomic statement; rather, they were looking for manufacturing employment.However, non-Neapolitans and non-Italians began to be intrigued by the flavors and aromas of pizza relatively quickly after its introduction.One of the earliest known pizzerias in the United States was G.
(for Gennaro) Lombardi’s on Spring Street in Manhattan, which was granted a license to serve pizza in 1905.In the past, the meal had either been produced from scratch or sold by illegal vendors.Lombardi’s, which is still in business today after being relocated from its original location in 1905, ″has the same oven as it did originally,″ according to culinary critic John Mariani, author of How Italian Food Conquered the World (How Italian Food Conquered the World).
- MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Meet the Long-Lost Father of New York City PizzaAs every pizza enthusiast knows, heated debates about whose slice is the best in town often ensue.
- Mariani, on the other hand, credited three East Coast pizzerias for keeping the century-old tradition alive: Totonno’s (Coney Island, Brooklyn, launched in 1924); Mario’s (Arthur Avenue, the Bronx, opened in 1919); and Pepe’s (New York City, inaugurated in 1924).
- (New Haven, opened 1925).
- Because of the large influx of Italian-Americans and their food as they moved from city to suburb, east to west, particularly after World War II, pizza’s popularity in the United States increased dramatically.
- No longer considered a ″ethnic″ treat, it has increasingly been characterized as a quick and enjoyable meal.
- Regional, clearly non-Neapolitan varieties arose, finally incorporating California-gourmet pizzas topped with everything from grilled chicken to smoked salmon.
Pizza made after World War II eventually made its way to Italy and beyond.″Pizza, like blue jeans and rock and roll, was adopted by the rest of the world, including the Italians, simply because it originated in the United States,″ argues Mariani.There are around 60 different nations where foreign branches of American franchises such as Domino’s and Pizza Hut operate today.
As a reflection of regional preferences, worldwide pizza toppings might range from Gouda cheese in Curaçao to hardboiled eggs in Brazil, among other things.WATCH: Full episodes of The Food That Built America are available to stream right now.
The Delicious History of Pizza
Every editorial product is chosen on its own merits, while we may be compensated or earn an affiliate commission if you purchase something after clicking on one of our affiliate links. As of the time of writing, the ratings and pricing are correct, and all goods are in stock.
Not only is pizza one of the most popular foods in the world, but it also has a fascinating history.
As a youngster growing up 90 minutes north of Chicago, I was introduced to deep dish pizza for the first time.It was thick, creamy, ooey gooey, and packed with all of the flavors I adored.Although some may consider me a traitor in the long-running Chicago vs.New York pizza rivalry, my 17 years in New York City have confirmed my taste for a thinner crust.Don’t get me wrong: I still enjoy a good deep dish pizza and have a great respect for the wide range of dough and topping options available today that the person who developed pizza could never have anticipated.However, during my time in Chicago, I’ve learned to enjoy the simplest things in my life as a pizza enthusiast.
Given that I travel for around four months out of the year, I am fortunate to have the opportunity to sample pizza from all over the world, including Naples, Italy.It was there that I had my first taste of authentic Italian pizza.When compared to the American-style pies that are typically stuffed with an assortment of meats, cheeses, and veggies of varying degrees of quality, the two-ingredient pizza I encountered in Naples was created with nothing more than fine dough and great sauce.To answer your question, yes, it was very delectable.However, given the fact that Naples is the origin of pizza, this should come as no surprise.As for the clever Italian who invented pizza, well, much like the guy who developed ice cream and the person who invented the hamburger, the identity of the person who invented pizza remains a little of a mystery.
While the exact location of the world’s first pizza restaurant will likely never be revealed, there are some interesting facts about the meal that we can share with you.
Where was the first pizza made?
In spite of the fact that most people associate pizza with Italy as the birthplace of the meal, historians believe that it has a far longer history, given that you define pizza broadly.Take, for instance, flatbreads as an example.These were eaten by the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians, who topped them with a variety of oils and herbs.Persians were baking flatbreads topped with cheese and dates as long back as the sixth century BCE, items that would be quite at home on the menu of a current gourmet pizza joint.In actuality, pizza as we know it today originated as a type of flatbread that was popular in the poorer neighborhoods of Naples in Italy.
When was pizza originally invented?
Historians haven’t been able to determine a precise date for the invention of pizza, but they have been able to reduce the time period down significantly.To be sure, tomatoes originated in the West, but they didn’t find their way to Europe until about the 1500s (where they weren’t initially welcomed since they were believed to be dangerous), which means that pizza couldn’t have come into being until after that period.A book published in 1799 narrows down the date of pizza’s invention even further: it defines pizza as a crust topped with tomato sauce and cheese, indicating that it was developed by at least that year.Moreover, according to an Italian census done in the late 1700s, which included a small number of persons who worked as ″pizolas″ (pizza makers) in Naples, we know that the dish was well-known enough that it gave rise to a profession.
Who invented pizza margherita?
The story of how this pizza came to be is a little foggy, as is the case with many of the world’s finest inventions.According to one version of the story, your favorite Friday night meal was created when the soon-to-be king and queen of Italy visited Naples in 1889 and dined on a variety of dishes.In an attempt to portray herself as a ″queen of the people,″ the future monarch insisted on eating in the same manner as the common people.And that meant pizza, which is considered to be a poor man’s fare.In order to sample several of Rafael Esposito’s pies, Margherita of Savoy summoned the preeminent pizza maker in Naples, Rafael Esposito.One that has been topped with garlic.
Another with anchovies strewn across it.And then another, this one topped with tomato sauce and a sprinkling of mozzarella cheese and basil on top.Esposito named the final pizza ″pizza margherita″ after Margherita, the future queen of Italy, because it was her favorite (and coincidentally had the colors of the Italian flag on it).Given that some of these details cannot be verified, and other versions claim that Margherita was already queen when she tried pizza because she was bored with the French cuisine served at court, this is a possibility.Despite the fact that the former story appears to be a little too good to be true, the establishment (now known as Pizzeria Brandi) still has a plaque on its wall proclaiming it to be the birthplace of the pizza margherita.
When did pizza come to America?
Photograph by Mark Peterson for Getty Images As early as the 1910s, pizza was being served in restaurants across the United States.It first appeared on the East Coast and in the Midwest, in cities such as Omaha, Nebraska, and Racine, Wisconsin, among others.However, if we’re talking about the place where pizza first gained popularity in the United States, we’re talking about New York City, even if the city isn’t usually ranked first for having the greatest pizza in the country.While Lombardi’s in Manhattan was the first licensed pizzeria in the United States when it opened its doors in 1905, pizza historian Peter Regas argues there is little evidence to support the claim that it was the first pizzeria in the city.He believes that pizzerias may have initially opened in the borough of Brooklyn, which is across the river from Manhattan.
Who invented pepperoni pizza?
In contrast to the origins of pizza, which can be traced back to the city of Naples, the origins of pepperoni pizza could not be more far from the Italian capital.Pepperoni, on the other hand, is despised by the Italians, and it is never used as a pizza topping in the nation.According to Michael Harlan Turkell, presenter of the Modernist Pizza Podcast, the Ezzo family began manufacturing the sausage in Canastota, New York, in 1906, and they may have been the first to sell it pre-sliced at a grocery store.However, according to culinary historians, it wasn’t until the 1950s, when a New Haven pizza joint put pepperoni on a pie, that the spicy sausage became popular as a pizza topping.Nonetheless, it was not a widespread phenomena, at least not at the time.Domino’s has a lot to do with the increase in popularity.
That is, in fact, the Domino’s.It may not be the most popular pizza chain in the United States or the greatest pizzeria in your state, but it has emerged as a big player in the industry.″Ezzobegan producing pepperoni for a little company named Domino’s in the 1980s,″ Turkell explains.Pepperoni became a popular pizza topping as a result of the fast expansion of Domino’s pizza, paired with the popularity of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles cartoon series.According to Turkell, some estimates indicate that pepperoni is now utilized as a topping on approximately half of all pizzas sold in the United States.
How did Hawaiian pizza originate?
- Hawaiian pizza, whether you like it or not, is bound to elicit discussion, and not only about its flavor. There’s also a disagreement over where it came from. You’ve already figured that, unlike Italian pizza, Hawaiian pizza did not make its way to your neighborhood pizzeria through the Italian peninsula. It may surprise you to hear that the meal, which is commonly topped with canned pineapple and ham, but may also contain peppers, bacon, and/or mushrooms, did not originate in Hawaii. The sweet and savory pie is thought to have originated in Canada, however this is not confirmed. Canada, you are correct. According to the Modernist Pizza book collection, Sam Panopoulos, a French Canadian, is widely credited with inventing the Hawaiian pizza in 1962, according to the book collection. The writers, on the other hand, point out that a 1957 advertisement for Francine’s Pizza Jungle in Oregon promised a Hawaiian pizza topped with pineapple, papaya, and green peppers, among other ingredients. The question is who deserves credit for developing it first: the previous Oregonian version, which had various fruits but no ham, or the Canadian version, which may have been the first to include what we now regard to be the traditional Hawaiian pizza? You are the final arbiter. Choose a classic topping such as green peppers, mus