Can You Eat Sushi When Breast Feeding?

Pregnant women need to avoid raw fish as bacteria and parasites pose a risk to the fetus. However, there is little to no risk of these pathogens passing to a baby through breast milk, which means that sushi is safe to consume while breastfeeding.
Fish: Avoid high-mercury fish.

Is it safe to eat sushi while breastfeeding?

Women can eat sushi while breastfeeding. Sushi is safe to eat while breastfeeding, as long as women eat from a reputable restaurant that uses high-quality fish from reliable sources. If the source of the fish is not clear, it is best to ask the restaurant staff for more information.

Can you eat tomato sauce when breastfeeding?

Tomatoes and Their Effects. Tomato sauce is a good source of vitamin C, a nutrient essential during breastfeeding because it helps you absorb plenty of iron, according to Sally Wendkos Olds, author of ‘The Complete Book of Breastfeeding.’ However, tomato sauce is also acidic, which can cause problems for your nursing infant.

Can you eat mangoes when breastfeeding?

Yes, you can eat mango during breastfeeding but do remember that there is a lot of concern around it. Because, in the early days of nursing, both your body and baby’s’ body are very reactive and choosy to what you need to eat.

Eating sushi while breastfeeding: Safety and risks

Cooked fish and breastfeeding

    Cooked fish provides many health benefits for breastfeeding women and breastfed babies. Cold-water fish, in particular, is rich in vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids. It is also high in protein and low in saturated fat.The health benefits of fish for infants are due primarily to its omega-3 content, which promotes good vision and cognitive development.The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015–2020 recommend that breastfeeding women eat at least 8 ounces (oz) of seafood, including fish and shellfish, per week. According to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA), some of the best fish choices for pregnant and breastfeeding women are:

  • anchovy
  • clam
  • cod
  • crab
  • haddock
  • hake
  • herring
  • oyster
  • mackerel
  • perch
  • pollock
  • salmon
  • sardine
  • scallop
  • shrimp
  • skate
  • sole
  • tilapia
  • trout
  • tuna, canned
  • whiting
  • The Food and Drug Administration recommends consuming 2–3 servings of these fish each week. A dish of fish for an adult weighs 4 ounces. Types of fish that have high levels of mercury should be avoided by pregnant and nursing women, such as: king mackerel
  • marlin
  • orange roughy
  • shark
  • swordfish
  • tilefish (from the Gulf of Mexico)
  • tuna, bigeye
  • and swordfish.
  • In order to guarantee that their salt consumption remains within the suggested limit, women who consume high amounts of canned fish should keep track of their intake. Even seafood that is considered safe to consume, such as anchovies, may have high levels of salt when they are canned. One of the most significant concerns of consuming raw sushi is that it raises the likelihood of contracting a foodborne infection such as listeriosis, which may be fatal. Listeriosis is a bacterial illness caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. A listeria infection manifests itself in the following ways: diarrhoea, fever, muscle pains, nausea, vomiting
  • Pregnant women who have listeriosis have a higher risk of transmitting the virus to their developing babies through the placenta, which can result in stillbirth, pregnancy loss, or premature labor. When it comes to nursing, listeria is less of a problem since the bacterium does not travel from the breast milk to the infant. Another concern linked with eating sushi is the possibility of cross-contamination. In restaurants, cross-contamination happens when the same equipment are used to prepare both cooked and raw fish by the same group of individuals in the kitchen. It is possible for people who order cooked fish to become sick as a result of germs and diseases that have moved to their meal from raw fish. Women who adore sushi but do not wish to consume raw fish while breastfeeding can choose for vegetarian sushi choices, which are equally as delicious as raw fish options. Choosing vegetable maki rolls with avocado, cucumber, and pickled daikon as the base and topping them with wasabi and soy sauce to taste, for example, is a popular option for ladies. Other vegetarian options include vegetable nigiri and inari, which are also sushi rolls. It is important to note that some vegetarian choices do not include certain nutrients, such as omega-3 fatty acids or vitamin D, but that these nutrients may be obtained from other sources if necessary. Pregnant and nursing women can lower their chances of falling ill after consuming sushi or other meals by following these recommendations: When dining out, choose reputable establishments
  • inquire of restaurant employees about where their fish is sourced and how they treat their dishes
  • Using various utensils and surfaces for raw and cooked foods while making meals at home in order to practice safe food handling methods
  • After handling raw fish or meat, carefully wash your hands to avoid cross contamination.
  • Avoiding items with expiration dates that have passed
  • Maintaining the proper temperature in the refrigerator and thoroughly cleaning it on a regular basis to prevent bacterial development

For pregnant women who miss sushi, tiny balls of sticky rice and veggies can be substituted for the fish in the traditional dish.Once the baby is delivered, ladies no longer have to abstain from eating sushi because it is safe to consume while nursing.If eaten raw or cooked, fish has a number of health benefits for both the nursing mother and the breastfed infant, according to research.

  • Omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin D, in particular, are critical for the growth and development of newborns.
  • Women who are breastfeeding should strive to consume at least 8 ounces of fish each week.
  • However, it is critical to avoid eating seafood that is rich in mercury since this heavy metal can transfer via breast milk and damage an unborn child.
  • To avoid the chance of cross-contamination or listeria infection while eating sushi at a restaurant, it’s a good idea to inquire about the source of the fish and the restaurant’s safe handling policy prior to ordering sushi.

Can You Eat Sushi While You’re Breastfeeding?

In the event that you enjoy sushi but resisted the temptation to eat it while pregnant, you may be wondering whether it’s safe to indulge in your appetite now that you’re breastfeeding your child.In a nutshell, it is safe to consume raw fish when breastfeeding a young child.However, you must use caution in making your decisions.

  • While caring for a baby, you don’t want to become ill from food poisoning due to poor sushi preparation on your part.
  • Women who are breast-feeding should also avoid some species of fish that are known to have high levels of mercury, a toxin that may be harmful to a developing baby’s brain and neurological system.
  • Consequently, if you’re thinking of ordering takeaway sushi, here’s what you need to know about eating raw fish.
  • You’ll also learn about the healthiest varieties of fish to consume while breastfeeding and how to avoid foodborne infections.

Why shouldn’t pregnant women eat sushi?

Due to a number of factors, sushi is not recommended during pregnancy:

1. Raw and undercooked seafood can harbor harmful bacteria, viruses and parasites.

  • Consuming fish that hasn’t been completely cooked can make pregnant women unwell and put their unborn children at risk of harm. Listeria monocytogenes, a form of bacterium that is very dangerous, is one that should be avoided. It has the potential to produce listeriosis, a potentially fatal foodborne infection. Despite the fact that listeria infection is rare, pregnant women are 10 to 20 times more likely than the general population to get the illness. A pregnant woman who consumes listeria-contaminated fish may be able to pass the infection on to her unborn child through her bloodstream. The infection can cause the baby to develop life-threatening issues if it is not treated immediately. Miscarriage, premature labor, and low birth weight are all possibilities as a result of the condition. As a result, the United States Department of Health and Human Services recommends that pregnant women avoid eating raw fish. During your pregnancy, you should avoid the following fish dishes: Among the items prohibited are raw oysters, raw clams, raw scallops, ceviche, chilled smoked seafood, including lox (unless completely cooked), salted or pickled fish, including gravlax (unless thoroughly cooked), and smoked salmon.

2. Some sushi contains fish that have higher mercury contamination.

Mercury is a heavy metal that accumulates in the flesh of fish and other aquatic organisms.Fish that are larger and older likely to have higher levels of it since they have been exposed to it for a longer length of time.While pregnant or attempting to conceive, it is strongly advised that you avoid eating high-mercury seafood.

  • Following its entry into the woman’s circulation, it can go from the mother to the child through the placenta.
  • Because mercury can be harmful to a growing child’s brain and nervous system, pregnant women should avoid eating seafood that has been identified as having higher amounts of this toxin.
  • (See the list of perpetrators at the bottom of this page.)

Can you eat sushi if you’re breastfeeding?

  • Sushi may be included in your postpartum diet now that your baby is breastfeeding, but you’ll want to be mindful of the quality and variety of sushi you consume. Breastfeeding mothers are not at danger of contracting listeria through their breast milk, so go ahead and indulge in your sushi cravings, but avoid shady establishments where the seafood may not be as fresh as it should. A fever or a severe bout of diarrhea as a result of consuming infected seafood is the last thing a new mother needs. Lactating mothers should be aware of the mercury warnings about seafood consumption. Mercury can be transferred from mother to child through breast milk, but in lesser levels. That should not prevent you from continuing to nurse. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the advantages of nursing your infant are likely to outweigh any potential risks associated with mercury exposure. Fish, after all, is a protein that contains healthy omega-3 fatty acids that are essential for the development of your baby’s brain. Nonetheless, maintaining vigilance is a good idea. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have identified seven species of fish that nursing mothers should avoid because of their high mercury level in their milk. If you’re nursing, avoid eating the following types of fish: Shark, swordfish, king mackerel, tilefish (from the Gulf of Mexico), marlin, orange roughy, and bigeye tuna are just a few of the species available.
  • A few of additional forms of fish should be avoided during pregnancy, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), including: salmon and tuna. Albacore (white) tuna is a kind of tuna. Consume no more than 6 ounces of fish each week
  • some species taken in local waterways are OK. In the absence of cautions on mercury or other contaminants, it is prudent to limit your consumption to 6 ounces of fish each week, and refrain from eating any other fish during that week as well.

Also keep in mind that many freshwater fish are not healthy to consume uncooked. Generally speaking, saltwater variants are preferable. If you want to decrease your mercury exposure while nursing, choose sushi that is made using low-mercury seafood instead. (See the next section for a list of some suggested alternatives.)

What are the best types of fish for breastfeeding women?

  • Fortunately, there are a variety of low-mercury seafood selections that are safe for nursing mothers to choose from. Breastfeeding mothers are encouraged to consume 8 to 12 ounces of fish each week, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. This equates to around two to three servings each week on average. The ″best options″ list of low-mercury fish compiled by the FDA and the EPA is large. There are several types of fish in this category: Atlantic mackerel, black sea bass
  • crab
  • clams
  • Flounder
  • herring
  • lobster
  • oysters
  • Pacific chub mackerel
  • perch
  • salmon
  • scallops
  • shrimp
  • sole
  • Tilapia
  • freshwater trout
  • canned light tuna
  • whitefish
  • and sardines.

In addition, there are a number of ″excellent options″ that have a tendency to contain a greater concentration of mercury. The FDA and EPA’s list includes species such as halibut, striped bass, snapper, and albacore tuna, among other things. In the event that you choose to consume from this list, keep your weekly fish consumption to no more than one 4-ounce portion.

How to protect yourself from foodborne illnesses when pregnant or breastfeeding

  • Food poisoning may strike anybody at any time, but pregnant women are particularly vulnerable. Changes in the immune system that occur during pregnancy can put both the mother-to-be and her unborn child at danger. You should avoid the sushi bar entirely if you are expecting a child. Nursing mothers have a bit more wiggle room and can indulge in sushi with caution. Nonetheless, it is critical to understand that eating raw or undercooked fish may make anybody unwell. To help keep everyone safe, here are a few pointers: Clean up your mess. You must wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water before handling any form of fish or seafood if you are working in a culinary setting. Furthermore, you should constantly wash your hands before eating
  • Buyers should exercise caution. Choose sushi and seafood that has been made just for you. Consume fish from markets and restaurants that are well-known for both the quality of their seafood and the safety of their food-handling methods
  • Get the ice out of the freezer. Fish and seafood that is served cold should be kept refrigerated until the time of consumption. It should be served over ice if it is going to be out for more than two hours.
  • Seafood should be stored correctly. Cooked fish and shellfish should be refrigerated after two hours at room temperature (or one hour if you’re eating in 90 degree or warmer weather)
  • wash the dishes afterward. Before reusing any knives, cutting boards, plates, or other tools that were used to cook raw fish, thoroughly clean them with soap and hot water.
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Alternatively, you may like to have your meal prepared by a professional sushi chef.If this is the case, make sure to do your assignment first.Select a restaurant with a stellar reputation and prepare to have a good time.

  • You are deserving of it!
  • From the What to Expect editorial team and Heidi Murkoff, author of What to Expect When You’re Expecting, we wish you a happy and healthy pregnancy.
  • What to Expect adheres to tight reporting criteria and relies on only trustworthy sources, such as peer-reviewed studies, university research institutes, and highly regarded health groups, to inform its coverage.
  • Read our medical review and editorial policy to learn more about how we ensure that our material is correct and up to date.

Can I Eat Sushi While Breastfeeding?

Photo illustration by Ellen Lindner / Getty Images for Verywell Since the birth of your child, you’ve been looking forward to a long-awaited date night with your significant other.When discussing dining possibilities with your companion, sushi comes up as a suggestion.However, you begin to realize that, despite the fact that you are no longer pregnant, you are still breastfeeding.

  • Given that sushi is on the pregnancy food list, you’re wondering if you should continue to abstain from it after the birth of your child.
  • While eating sushi while nursing, doctors advise taking a few measures to avoid causing harm to your baby.
  • ″Consuming sushi in moderation when nursing is quite safe,″ says the author.
  • Women nursing, however, should avoid high mercury seafood in the same way they would when pregnant, according to Claire Virga, RD, MS CDN, a registered dietitian at Rooted Wellness, a private nutrition clinic focused to reproductive, pregnancy and postpartum health.
  • If you follow a few simple rules for eating sushi safely, you may relax and enjoy your lunch without needing to be concerned.

Eating Sushi While Breastfeeding

Fish is an excellent source of lean protein and essential vitamins for both the breastfeeding mother and her nursing child.″As long as the sushi comes from a reputable source, breastfeeding moms are not required to avoid it.″ While eating fish rich in mercury is not recommended, says Jean Hawney, a licensed lactation consultant in Texas who is also a certified clinical specialist in speech-language pathology and audiology.When a material is believed or proven to have detrimental effects on nerve tissue, such as mercury, we refer to it as a neurotoxic.

  • Every woman’s nursing experience is unique.
  • If you have any questions about eating sushi while nursing, you should speak with your healthcare professional about your specific situation.

Is It Safe for Baby?

Parents frequently question how much of what they consume is passed on to their children through breastfeeding.While the diet of a nursing parent might have an impact on a baby, you do not need to be as rigorous as you were throughout pregnancy in order to nurse successfully.The consumption of sushi by a nursing mother is generally considered safe, with a number of exceptions.

  • Choose fish that are low in mercury to lessen the likelihood of the newborn being exposed to this toxin.
  • Because most sushi selections involve raw fish, be certain that you are consuming seafood from a reliable source before you indulge.
  • Raw fish may be a breeding ground for germs and parasites that can make you sick from a foodborne disease.

Benefits of Sushi During Breastfeeding

People who are breastfeeding may find that eating sushi is advantageous due to the fact that fish and seafood in general may be part of a balanced diet.″While high-mercury fish should be avoided during breastfeeding, fish with lower mercury content should be included in every lactation diet,″ says the author.As Virga points out, ″Fish is a fantastic source of lean protein as well as omega-3 fatty acids as well as micronutrients such as vitamin D and B12.″

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Omega-3 fatty acids, which may be found in a variety of fatty fish, are essential for the development of a baby’s brain, eyes, and nervous system, among other things.For maximum health, the American Heart Association recommends consuming at least two servings of fish each week (for a total of 6-8 ounces).Cold-water wild kinds of fish such as mackerel, tuna, salmon, sardines, and herring, as well as farmed versions such as salmon, tuna, and mackerel, have significant quantities of omega-3 fatty acids.

  • A developing kid who does not receive enough omega-3 fatty acids may experience developmental delays and poorer behavior scores.
  • Because research has shown that fatty fish intake is associated with higher levels of omega-3 fatty acids in breastmilk, when a breastfeeding mother consumes foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, the nursing infant will benefit from the mother’s diet.


Vitamin D is one of the elements found in fish, and it is required to maintain proper bone growth in newborns by aiding the body’s absorption of calcium and phosphorus from meals.The body of a newborn that does not receive enough vitamin D is unable to retain the calcium and phosphorus that are necessary for bone growth and development.Rickets is a disorder in which the bones become weak and brittle.

  • Vitamin D helps to avoid this illness.
  • Getting adequate vitamin D is crucial for adults as well, because it aids in the formation and maintenance of healthy bones.
  • Eating fish will also provide you with Vitamin B12, which is beneficial for the development of a baby’s brain.
  • This nutrient aids in the maintenance of your body’s blood and nerve cells, as well as the prevention of anemia, a blood disorder that can leave you feeling weary and weak.
  • Because vitamin B12 is passed from mother to child through breastmilk, it is critical for nursing mothers to ingest enough levels of the vitamin.
  • Infants whose mothers and fathers are vitamin B12 deficient will develop vitamin B12 deficiency themselves.

Balanced Meals

Sushi meals can feature a variety of ingredients, including rice and vegetables such as cucumber, carrot, avocado, and shiitake mushrooms.Sushi is a Japanese dish that originated in Japan.In order for a nursing individual to acquire the nutrients they require, all of these foods are beneficial in contributing to a balanced breastfeeding diet that includes lean protein and veggies.

  • As an added bonus, nori, a form of dried seaweed that is an excellent provider of iodine, is frequently served with sushi.
  • Iodine is essential for the normal operation of the thyroid gland, which releases hormones that help in the development of an infant’s bones and brain throughout the first year of life.
  • For this reason, getting adequate iodine is critical for women who are pregnant and/or nursing, as well as for newborn babies.
  • In fact, people require more iodine when nursing than they do at any other point in their lives.

Safety Precautions

Despite the fact that sushi is safe to consume while breastfeeding, there are still critical measures to take.Sushi has high quantities of mercury, which means you’ll want to be cautious about the sort of sushi you order.For example, certain species of fish used in sushi might contain greater levels of mercury than others.

  • Mercury may accumulate in fish, particularly in those that eat other fish or survive for an extended period of time.
  • According to research, mercury exposure during pregnancy and the first few years of a child’s life can be particularly harmful to the development of the child.
  • Eating an excessive amount of contaminated seafood might have negative effects on a baby’s still developing neurological system.
  • ″Pregnant women and nursing mothers should avoid sushi that has high levels of mercury, such as tuna, yellowtail, mackerel, or sea bass,″ Virga recommends.
  • On the FDA’s list of best choices, good choices, and choices to avoid, you may find a variety of other possibilities for low-mercury fish and shellfish.
  • Food poisoning is a danger that both nursing mothers and non-breastfeeding mothers should be aware of.

It can occur if you consume raw seafood that has not been properly prepared before eating it.Raw seafood may be a breeding ground for germs that can lead to foodborne disease.Since bacteria and parasites cannot transfer via breast milk, even if the mother becomes unwell after eating raw fish, her baby will not become ill, Virga explains.It is usually a good idea to consume sushi from well-established places that adhere to strict food-handling regulations and procedures.″As long as the sushi comes from a reputable source, breastfeeding moms are not required to avoid it.″ The risk would be if the fish was not fresh or of high quality, in which case it might result in food poisoning, according to the CDC.

  • Because of this, it is critical to carefully assess where you get your raw seafood,″ explains Hawney.
  • ″ If you’re concerned about the amounts of mercury in sushi, you may order dishes from the menu that are made using fish that is lower in mercury levels.
  • Salmon, crab, and shrimp are some of the options available to round out your meal.
  • By choosing vegetarian choices or sushi that includes cooked octopus, shrimp, crab, scallops, and eel instead of raw fish, you may avoid eating raw fish entirely.

A Word from Verywell

You might be wondering when, exactly, in the postpartum period you can resume eating the items that you had been avoiding throughout your pregnancy.It’s possible that you abstained eating sushi while pregnant for the benefit of the unborn child, but now that you’re nursing, you may be concerned about what you’re passing on to the child.Sushi is usually considered to be safe to consume during nursing.

  • Fish is an excellent source of vitamins and elements that are essential for a balanced diet.
  • Sushi made from low-mercury fish should be consumed in moderation, and it should be purchased from a recognized brand or restaurant known for serving high-quality, fresh cuisine.
  • Avoid raw fish if you are concerned about possible microbial contamination.
  • Instead, go for vegetarian choices or protein dishes that are cooked.
  • If you have any concerns about eating sushi while nursing, you should consult with your healthcare professional.

Can I eat sushi if I am breastfeeding?

  • Although it is recommended that women avoid eating sushi and other raw seafood (such as sashimi, oysters, clams, and mussels) while pregnant, there is no reason why they should avoid eating this sort of seafood when breastfeeding. Sushi may be a component of a well-balanced diet if eaten in moderation. Maintain the freshness of any raw fish you ingest and adhere to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) and Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s) seafood recommendations for nursing moms (EPA). Selecting the fish you eat and how much of it you consume should be done with care. Here are a few pointers: A variety of lower-mercury fish should be consumed twice or three times a week (each dish should be between 8 and 12 ounces). Salmon, shrimp, Pollock, tuna (light canned), tilapia, catfish, and cod are examples of fish that are readily accessible. Avoid the seven mercury-containing species, which are listed below. It is not suggested for breastfeeding mothers to consume bigeye tuna, king mackerel, marlin (including orange roughy), shark, swordfish, and tilefish in any quantity. (They are also not suggested for use by pregnant women or children under the age of five.) White (albacore) tuna should not be consumed in excess of 6 ounces per week. Other canned tuna options are available.
  • Before consuming local fish, conduct thorough investigation. Inspect the area for any fish advisory notices issued by the proper authorities, which is typically the local wildlife or health department. You should restrict your intake of locally caught fish to 6 ounces per week if you can’t discover any information. You should eat fish as part of a well-balanced diet that matches your calorie requirements. Breastfeeding moms can find helpful information on the Choose My Plate website. When adding complementary meals to your breastfed child’s diet, consider including low-mercury fish. For youngsters between the ages of 2 and 6 years, this would be around 2–3 small portions (totaling 3–5 ounces) each week for them.
  • When introducing fish, keep an eye out for indicators of an allergic response. Because fish, particularly shellfish, can cause allergic reactions in some people, keep an eye out for symptoms (such as hives, a rash or flushed skin, tingling in the mouth, swelling of the lips or tongue, difficulty breathing, sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, food aversion, coughing, or loss of consciousness) when feeding fish to young children.

High amounts of mercury have been found in studies to cause harm to the neurological system, kidneys, and liver of pregnant children, newborns, and young children, therefore there is reason to be concerned about this.Seafood, on the other hand, is high in protein and omega-3 fatty acids, both of which are essential for overall health and brain development.Keep up with the latest research, but be confident that the advantages of these essential nutrients exceed the hazards of taking just small portions of low-mercury fish in moderation.

Foods to Avoid While Breastfeeding — And Ones Not To Worry About

If you are what you eat, then your breastfeeding baby is what she eats as well.You want to provide him with the finest nourishment possible while avoiding items that might be harmful.However, because there is so much contradicting information available, it is not unusual for new parents to swear off whole food categories out of fear of making a mistake.

  • The good news is that the list of foods to avoid when nursing isn’t quite as big as you might have imagined it to be.
  • Why?
  • This is due to the fact that your mammary glands, which make your milk, and your milk-producing cells assist in regulating how much of what you eat and drink is really passed on to your kid via your milk.
  • Read on to find out what the experts have to say about alcohol, caffeine, and other items that were previously off-limits during pregnancy before you start removing everything from your diet while you’re breastfeeding.
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Spicy Food

Verdict: Safe

According to Paula Meier, Ph.D., director for clinical research and lactation at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago and president of the International Society for Research in Human Milk and Lactation, nursing mothers do not need to be afraid of spicy meals.Dr.Meier believes that by the time the infant begins nursing, she has been acclimated to the flavors that her mother consumes.

  • ″If a woman has consumed a diverse range of foods during her pregnancy, the taste and smell of amniotic fluid that the baby is exposed to and is tasting in utero will be altered,″ she explains.
  • The nursing process, on the other hand, is the next phase in the process of converting amniotic fluid into breast milk.
  • During some foods, like as spicy meals and spices, are not recommended for use while nursing, newborns find them to be quite appealing.
  • Researchers Julie Mennella and Gary Beauchamp conducted a trial in the early 1990s in which moms who were nursing their children were given a garlic tablet while others were given a placebo.
  • The newborns breastfed for longer periods of time, sucked harder, and consumed more garlic-scented milk than the babies who had not been exposed to garlic.
  • Parents will restrict their diet if they detect a link between anything they ate and their child’s behavior, such as being gassy, grumpy, or otherwise uncooperative.

Nevertheless, while that cause-and-effect relationship may appear sufficient for a mother, Dr.Meier says she would want more direct proof before forming any conclusions.″If a baby was suffering from a milk-related illness, I would expect to observe concerns with the feces not being as normal as they should be.It is quite unusual for a baby to be born with a condition that would be a true contraindication to the mother’s nursing.″


Verdict: Safe in Moderation

As soon as your child is born, the regulations around alcohol change!The use of one to two alcoholic drinks per week (the equivalent of a 12-ounce beer, a 4-ounce glass of wine, or one ounce of hard liquor) is considered safe by health professionals.While alcohol does travel into breast milk, it is normally only in trace levels and is not harmful to the mother.

  • Keep the following guidelines in mind when it comes to timing: According to Liz Pevytoe, a qualified nurse, certified lactation consultant, and founder of, it is acceptable to feed your baby as soon as you no longer feel the affects of alcohol.


Verdict: Safe in Moderation

It is acceptable to consume coffee, tea, and caffeinated drinks in moderation while nursing, according to the website, breast milk contains less than one percent of the caffeine consumed by the mother during the day.Furthermore, if you consume no more than three cups of coffee dispersed throughout the day, there will be little to no caffeine discovered in the urine of the baby.

  • In contrast, if you notice that your infant becomes more fussy or irritable when you consume excessive amounts of caffeine (typically more than five caffeinated beverages per day), you may want to consider reducing your caffeine intake or delaying reintroduction of caffeine until your infant is a little older.
  • According to research, by the time most newborns are three to six months old, caffeine usage by their mothers has no negative impact on their sleep.
  • Alicia C.
  • Simpson, MS RD IBCLC LD, writes in an excerpt from her book, Boost Your Breast Milk: An All-in-One Guide for Nursing Mothers to Build a Healthy Milk Supply, that ″based on the clinical evidence available, I advise my patients to wait until their infant is at least three months old before reintroducing caffeine into their diet and then watch their baby for any signs of discomfort or restlessness.″ In the case of working women, I recommend that you always label any pumped milk that you have expressed after consuming caffeine to ensure that the newborn is not given this milk shortly before naptime or bedtime,″ says the author.
  • While coffee, tea, chocolate, and soda are the most apparent sources of caffeine, there are also considerable levels of caffeine in foods and beverages that have a coffee or chocolate flavoring to them.
  • Even decaffeinated coffee contains some caffeine, so keep this in mind if your infant is particularly sensitive to the stimulants in coffee.


Verdict: Safe in Moderation

For moms who have been patiently waiting for forty weeks to be able to eat sushi, you may rest assured that sushi that does not include high-mercury fish is deemed safe for nursing mothers.In Simpson’s opinion, this is owing to the fact that the Listeria bacterium, which may be present in raw or undercooked meals, is not easily transferred through breast milk.Keep in mind that eating more than two to three servings (a maximum of twelve ounces) of low-mercury fish in a week is not recommended when nursing one of these alternatives.

  • Salmon, flounder, tilapia, trout, pollock, and catfish are examples of fish that tend to have low mercury levels in their flesh.

High-Mercury Fish

Verdict: Avoid It

Fish, when prepared in a healthy manner (such as baking or broiling), may be a nutrient-dense component of your diet if prepared properly.However, owing to a variety of causes, the majority of fish and other seafood also include harmful compounds, including mercury, which is harmful to human health.Mercury has the ability to accumulate in the body and swiftly reach to harmful levels.

  • High amounts of mercury have been shown to have a direct effect on the central nervous system, resulting in neurological defects.
  • As a result, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the World Health Organization (WHO) have all issued warnings against the consumption of high-mercury foods by pregnant women, nursing mothers, and young children.
  • Because mercury is deemed by the World Health Organization to be one of the top ten substances of substantial public health concern, the Environmental Protection Agency has established particular standards for healthy persons based on their weight and gender.
  • Tuna, shark, swordfish, mackerel, and tilefish are all on the list of fish to avoid since they tend to have higher mercury levels and should be avoided at all costs when nursing.
  • Marra Francis, M.D., and Kate Silver wrote this article.

Is It Safe To Eat Sushi While Nursing?

Sushi is considered to be one of the most delicious culinary treats to come out of Japan.Despite the fact that sushi is not enjoyed by everyone due to its distinct flavor, those who enjoy eating it find it difficult to resist.If you are one of the people who like indulging in this delicacy but are also nursing your child, you should find out if you should consume it or not while breastfeeding.

What Is Sushi?

Sushi is a Japanese cuisine that consists of a variety of unusual fish. It is made with a variety of ingredients, including seaweed, rice (brown or white), tropical fruits, vegetables, and other things. Sushi is a delicious and nutritious food that may be prepared in a variety of ways.

Can You Eat Sushi while Breastfeeding?

While breastfeeding your child, you may indulge in a delicious sushi meal!Take care to consume it in an establishment that is clean and offers only fresh food to avoid illness or contamination.It is especially important to be cautious about ingesting raw fish during your pregnancy and breastfeeding period since it may contain high levels of mercury, which might be harmful to your unborn child.

Risks of Eating Sushi While Nursing

A raw fish component is included in this Japanese delicacy, which should be avoided at all costs during pregnancy or during breastfeeding.Raw fish that is intended for use in sushi preparation may include a variety of parasites or germs of varying types.These have the potential to enter your body and have an impact on your unborn child.

  • They are, on the other hand, extremely rare to enter your breast milk and cause harm to the kid.
  • However, if the fish is flash-frozen, it may lessen the likelihood of it becoming infected with parasites or bacterial infections.

List of Sushi Fish As Per Their Mercury Levels

Some fish may have high levels of mercury, and if you consume them, the mercury may pass through your breast milk and into your baby’s system. As a result, you should be particularly cautious about the kind of fish you may safely ingest. The following are a few of our suggestions:

Very Low Amounts Of Mercury Moderate Amounts Of Mercury High Amounts Of Mercury Highest Amounts Of Mercury
Eat These Fish Without Any Worry Limit Your Intake to Less Than Six Servings in a Month Not More Than Three Servings In a Month Do Not Include in Your Diet
Crawfish Tilefish Halibut Grouper
Crab Tuna Mackerel Bluefish
Flounder Sheepshead Perch (Ocean) Marlin
Catfish Perch (Freshwater) Sablefish Mackerel (King)
Butterfish Monkfish Sea Bass Shark
Anchovies Mahi-mahi Tuna (Yellowfin, Albacore) Swordfish
Salmon (fresh and canned) Bass (black, striped, saltwater) Orange Roughy

Precautions to Take When Eating Sushi While Breastfeeding

  • When consuming sushi during your nursing period, you must take the following precautions: Handle uncooked fish with thoroughly cleaned hands
  • Always purchase sushi from an upscale or hygienic establishment. Make no compromises when it comes to your health.
  • In order to successfully make sushi at home, make sure to thoroughly clean anything that will come into touch with the raw fish.
  • Avoid eating fish such as swordfish, mackerel, bluefish, and other species since they may all have high levels of mercury.
  • When purchasing canned salmon, make sure to verify the expiration date as well as the production facts.
  • If you buy fish on a frequent basis, be certain that your freezer is in good working order.

Whom Should You Consult If You Are Not Sure About Eating Sushi while Breastfeeding?

If you are unsure about whether or not you should consume raw sushi while nursing, it is recommended that you seek advice from someone who is well-versed on the subject. Here are several professionals that may be able to provide you with greater guidance when it comes to sushi eating:

1. Lactation Consultant

In addition to instructing you on the proper manner to feed your baby, the lactation consultant may also provide guidance on your nutritional choices, which may include information on sushi, among other things.

2. Gynaecologist and Obstetrician

You can also seek advice from your obstetrician and gynecologist. They may be able to inform you whether or not there are any potential risks associated with consuming sushi while nursing.

3. Nutritionist

Aside from the two sources mentioned above, you might also consult with a trained dietitian about your worries about eating sushi while breastfeeding your child or children.

How to Include Sushi in Your Diet while Nursing

Fish is a good source of Vitamin D, omega-3 fatty acids, niacin, and a variety of other nutrients for both you and your baby to consume. Sushi may be prepared in a variety of ways and is a healthy option to include in your diet. If you have reservations about eating fish or non-vegetarian sushi, there are several vegetarian alternatives available.

Sushi Recipes for Breastfeeding Mothers

Listed below are some delectable and simple sushi recipes that you may cook at home:

1. Pesto and Egg Sushi

  • This sushi dish is a unique variation on the traditional sushi recipe. What you’ll require 3 quail eggs
  • 1 cup glutinous rice (cooked white rice)
  • 2 cups water
  • 3 nori sheets (seaweed)
  • 2 teaspoons basil pesto
  • 1 cup steamed vegetables
  • Season with salt and pepper to taste
  • Instructions on how to manufacture In a mixing bowl, whisk together the eggs and season with salt and pepper
  • Fry the eggs in a flat pan with a little oil until they are set
  • Place nori sheets on a sushi mat and set aside.
  • Spread the rice on the bottom of the pan, then spread the pesto around the borders and place the eggs on top
  • Roll the sheets up and spritz the ends with water to seal them. Make a cut and serve it

2. Veggie Sushi Rolls

  • This dish is for those who enjoy vegetables. What you’ll require 14 cucumber (peeled and cut)
  • 14 avocado (ripe), thinly sliced
  • 12 carrot, well peeled and cut
  • 12 avocado (ripe), thinly sliced
  • The following ingredients are optional: 1 14 cups cooked rice (special sushi rice)
  • 1 tablespoon toasted sesame seeds
  • 1 tablespoon rice vinegar
  • 1 nori sheet
  • pickled ginger and soy sauce.
  • Instructions on how to manufacture In a large mixing basin, combine the water and vinegar
  • Place the nori sheets on the sushi mat and spread them out evenly.
  • The rice should be the first layer, followed by the sesame seeds.
  • Assemble your rolled omelet by arranging the sliced veggies in whichever order you like
  • Apply a combination of vinegar and water to the edges to seal them.
  • Cut the roll into slices and serve it

3. Tuna Sushi with a Spicy Twist

  • The following dish is perfect for all of you tuna fans out there. What you’ll require 12 avocados, 2/3 cup cooked sushi rice, 1 nori sheet, 1 tablespoon chilli sauce, 1 tablespoon lemon juice, 1 tablespoon mayonnaise, and 12 tablespoon sesame oil are all used in this recipe.
  • Instructions on how to manufacture Refrigerate after combining the sesame oil, chili sauce, mayonnaise, and lemon juice in a dish.
  • Place the nori sheet on the sushi mat and smooth it out with your hands.
  • Add the rice and spread it out evenly.
  • Place the spicy tuna and avocado on top of the rice in a uniform layer.
  • Roll the mat up as tightly as possible
  • Cut the sushi roll into slices and serve it

4. California Sushi Roll

  • This is a delectable sushi treat for the true sushi connoisseurs. What you’ll require 12 avocados, 1 nori sheet, 2/3 cup cooked sushi rice, 1 tablespoon sesame seeds, 6 imitation crab or surimi sticks, 1 tablespoon sesame oil
  • Instructions on how to manufacture Placing the nori sheet on a bamboo mat is a good idea.
  • Place the layer of cooked sushi rice on top of the sesame seeds and let aside.
  • To assemble, gently turn the nori sheet and arrange the surimi across the ends, with the avocados adjacent to it.
  • Cut with a sharp knife once you’ve carefully rolled it inside out.
See also:  Who Has Good Pizza?

If sushi is made properly and hygienically, it should pose no danger to your health or the health of your child. I hope you have gained a better grasp of the numerous elements of sushi consumption from this essay. Take pleasure in your Japanese delicacy! You may also be interested in: Is It Safe to Eat Spicy Food While Breastfeeding?

Is It Safe To Eat Sushi When Breastfeeding And Its Alternatives

Image courtesy of Shutterstock New moms frequently express worries regarding the safety of consuming sushi while breast-feeding their infants.This classic Japanese rice dish is made with cooked rice, veggies, and a variety of flavorful spices, and it is a mainstay of Japanese cuisine.However, it may also include egg or raw seafood, which might be a source of worry.

  • In addition, because seafood is frequently exposed to mercury, it can be detrimental to both the mother and the baby while they are eating it (1).
  • Discover the dangers of eating sushi as well as its benefits and some suggestions for eating sushi safely while breastfeeding in this article.

Is It Safe To Eat Sushi When Breastfeeding?

Except when cooked from fish that has absorbed potentially high amounts of mercury, sushi is completely safe to consume when breastfeeding a nursing infant (2).Large fish, such as bigeye and yellowtail tuna, swordfish, tilefish, and shark, have high levels of mercury, making them particularly hazardous to a growing baby’s development.Following childbirth, the mother’s body provides all of the nutrition required by the child.

  • While fish is a nutritious supplement to a mother’s diet, sushi prepared from raw seafood may be harmful to a baby’s health if it includes high amounts of mercury, which can harm the baby’s development.
  • Nursing mothers who consume fish or other seafood should make certain that they consume a high-quality kind with a low mercury content to avoid becoming ill.

What Are The Risks Of Eating Sushi When Breastfeeding?

Pregnant women and nursing mothers should use caution while consuming sushi or any other fish, especially raw tuna.The majority of people feel that sushi poses a risk to pregnant women and nursing mothers since it (1) (3) contains the following ingredients: Contains the following bacteria: Sushi’s most important component is raw fish, which may be contaminated with germs.Bacteria is particularly dangerous for pregnant women because it has the potential to harm the unborn child.

  • When a woman is nursing her child, a bacterial infection may impair the mother’s capacity to properly nourish her child.

Increased exposure to mercury: Some fish contain high amounts of mercury, and the consumption of such fish can have a negative impact on a baby’s brain and nervous system development.

Containing high concentrations of industrial pollutants: Industrial pollutants containing high concentrations of germs and bacteria are frequently spread into bodies of water, where they can infect fish and other aquatic organisms. It is good to be aware of the origins of the fish you are preparing for consumption.

  • During the course of breastfeeding, babies go through periods of fast growth. As a result, it is preferable to avoid eating foods that contain mercury when nursing your child. Even if not all forms of sushi are harmful to nursing mothers, you should avoid sushi made from the following species of fish: Katsuo (bonito)
  • Kajiki (swordfish)
  • Maguro (bigeye, bluefin*, or yellowfin tuna)
  • Makjiki (blue marlin)
  • Meji (young bigeye, bluefin*, or yellowfin tuna)
  • Saba (mackerel)
  • Sawara (Spanish mackerel)
  • Toro (bigeye, bluefin*, or yellowfin tuna)
  • Toro * (bigeye, bluefin *

What Are The Alternatives To Sushi?

  • If you have a need for sushi when pregnant or breastfeeding, the safest option is to eat vegan sushi made with fresh ingredients such as avocado, tofu, carrots, cucumber, and other seasonal vegetables. It is also possible to manufacture it from scratch at home. If you want to create vegan sushi, you’ll need the following ingredients (four total): Japanese short-grain rice, rice vinegar, sugar, salt, nori sheets, carrots, cucumber, avocado, firm tofu, soy sauce, sesame seeds

Which Cooked Fish Is Safe When Breastfeeding?

  • The majority of cooked fish is perfectly safe to consume during pregnancy or while nursing. Fish is a wonderful source of vitamin D, and it is also nutritionally advantageous for the developing infant. The amount of fish you can consume each week is between two and six ounces, provided that the fish does not contain excessive levels of mercury. Albacore or yellowfin tuna, catfish, haddock, salmon, sardines, and tilapia are some examples of appropriate seafood selections.

Fish prepared in a number of ways is safe for pregnant and nursing women to consume in two to three portions.Fish is a good source of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, vitamin D, iron, zinc, iodine, and choline, all of which are beneficial to both the mother and the infant.Raw fish is generally considered to be riskier than cooked fish, and nursing moms should strive to consume well-cooked fish with a low mercury concentration (5).

What Are The Best And Worst Fish To Eat When Breastfeeding?

  • Fish rich in mercury, such as bigeye tuna and yellowtail, are particularly hazardous to a growing baby’s development. Because it includes a low concentration of mercury, you may select higher-quality fatty fish. Wild salmon, sardines, lake trout, canned tuna, and halibut are some of the seafood that are suitable for nursing mothers.
  • Avoid eating fish that have high levels of mercury, such as swordfish, mackerel, and fresh tuna.

Fresh tuna, which is rich in mercury, is used in the majority of sushi establishments.To avoid consuming high levels of mercury, it is preferable to dine in restaurants that serve selectively low-level mercury seafood (2).(5).

  • Because pathogens do not transmit from mother to child through nursing, there is minimal likelihood that a sushi lunch will result in a baby being in poor health.
  • Your choice of fish, on the other hand, should be as free of high levels of mercury as is reasonably practicable.
  • When you have a sushi hankering, it is safer to pick vegan sushi or create it at home rather than eating it out.

Key Pointers

  • Consuming sushi produced from fish that has high amounts of mercury may not be safe when nursing your child.
  • Bacteria and contaminants may be present in the raw fish as well.
  • If you’re wanting sushi, consider vegan or vegetarian options to satisfy your needs.
  • Additionally, you can eat sushi with cooked fish from the list of fish that are acceptable to have while nursing, which is provided below.


  • MomJunction’s articles are prepared after doing in-depth study on the research works of renowned writers and organizations. Our resources are developed by authorities in their respective disciplines and are included in our references. Our editorial policy has further information about the validity of the information we provide. The following two tabs alter the content of the section below. Reviewer
  • \sAuthor

A childbirth and breastfeeding educator, Mindy Cockeram presently lives in Southern California, where she is employed at a non-profit hospital where she educates new mothers and their babies.Her professional career began following the birth of her second child, when she decided to shift her career path and study as an antenatal instructor with the National Childbirth Trust in London, United Kingdom.She was a childbirth educator for the Wimbledon and Wandsworth branches of the British Red Cross.

  • more Swati Patwal is a professional nutritionist and mother of a toddler with more than eight years of expertise in a variety of nutrition-related professions.
  • She began her professional career as a CSR project coordinator for a school-based healthy eating and active lifestyle initiative aimed at promoting active lifestyles among students.
  • Afterwards, she worked as a nutrition faculty member and clinical nutrition coach for a number of different companies.
  • Her interest in scientific writing is further explored.

10 Foods to Avoid While Breastfeeding

As a result of your baby’s growth, you’ve spent the previous nine months worrying about what you eat and drink.Now that you’re breastfeeding, you should be on the lookout for certain potential responses.Moms must have regular meals when nursing in order to obtain critical nutrients and to improve breast milk production.

  • While not all newborns react to the same foods, here are ten foods to avoid while breastfeeding your baby.
  • 1.
  • When you consume something that you think could be dubious, keep an eye out for responses in your infant, and see your pediatrician if you have any questions or concerns.

1. Caffeine

We understand that you require your coffee now that you aren’t getting enough sleep, and we apologize for interrupting your slumber.While a little amount of caffeine may be OK, it’s crucial to remember that caffeine can make its way into your breast milk.When it comes to caffeine, babies’ systems aren’t designed to handle it as rapidly as adults’ bodies, so if you’re expecting that your baby will nap soon, wait to drink your coffee until after baby has fallen asleep.

2. Fish

You don’t have to stay away from fish totally, but you do have to be picky about the sorts of seafood you consume. The mercury content of some fish might be high, and this can make its way into your milk supply. Follow the same precautions while eating fish as you did while you were pregnant, and you should be in good condition.

3. Chocolate

While chocolate is not need to be avoided totally, it should be noted that it is a source of caffeine.Some nursing women have also discovered that consuming chocolate has a laxative effect—on their babies, not on them.Keep an eye on your baby’s behavior and diapers—if she gets irritable or has a runny poop after you eat chocolate, it’s time to reduce or eliminate the chocolate from your diet.

  • Sorry!

4. Parsley or Peppermint

Parsley makes a lovely garnish, and peppermint makes a wonderful tea; the trouble with both of these herbs, however, is that they also carry the danger of depleting your supply.Small amounts should not be a problem, but you should be mindful of any drops in blood sugar after eating—especially if you’re about to go on an extended period of development where your child is likely to be hungry more often than normal.

5. Dairy

Dairy is one of the most prevalent foods that cause problems in breastfeeding newborns.It is a good idea to start with an elimination diet if your baby is very irritable after breastfeeding, if your baby has eczema or other skin disorders, or if your child has sleep issues.While eliminating all dairy might be challenging, it is necessary to avoid dairy for a period of time in order to rule out a dairy allergy.

  • If your baby’s symptoms improve after the trial period, a dairy allergy is likely to be the source of his or her problems.

6. Alcohol

This one should go without saying, but we felt it was important to bring it up.Alcohol does seep into your breast milk and can have a harmful impact on your child’s development.However, while it is preferable to avoid alcohol altogether, if you do decide to have a glass or two, it will take 1-2 hours for the alcohol to be metabolized.

  • Because alcohol does not linger in your breast milk for any longer than it does in your bloodstream, you should be able to start breastfeeding as soon as you feel entirely sober again.
  • The practice of ″pump and dump″ after drinking is usually advocated to mothers who have had a few drinks, however it is not essential in all cases.
  • If you’re feeling fine, it’s fine to breastfeed.

7. Citrus

Your baby’s gastrointestinal tract is still developing, and some of the substances found in citrus fruits can be particularly irritating to it. Citrus can induce spitting up, fussiness, and even diaper rash in some people who consume it. If you’re in need of some vitamin C, consider eating some pineapple or mango instead of eating a banana.

8. Peanuts

If you or your family has a history of peanut allergy, you should avoid consuming peanuts until after your baby has been weaned.Peanuts and tree nuts contain allergic chemicals that can be passed on to children through breast milk.If you’re not sure if your infant has a peanut allergy, keep an eye out for symptoms such as wheezing, redness, or hives in your child; these can all be signals of an allergic reaction to peanuts.

9. Garlic

You’re probably aware that garlic should be avoided if you’re expecting to be kissed, but did you realize that the scent of garlic might contaminate your milk as well?Consider whether the last time you ate something spiked with garlic coincided with when your kid was reluctant to breastfeed or pulled away from you while nursing to make funny expressions.While most of us believe that garlic makes everything better, newborns’ palates have not yet developed to the point where they can enjoy it.

10. Wheat

If your kid has bloody stools, it is possible that gluten sensitivity is at cause.Fussiness and a hurting belly are among symptoms that might indicate a wheat allergy.Following an exclusion diet, like with dairy, is the most effective technique to identify if wheat is a problem.

  • Some mothers prefer to exclude all major problem-causing items from their diets and then gradually reintroduce them one by one.
  • The gradual reintroduction of the food helps to determine the source of the allergy or intolerance and allows for the return of other foods to the diet.

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